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Alternative Teacher Certification

Welcome! This guide provides information on research methods as well as sources that are appropriate for the Alternative Teacher Certification program. Use the menu below to browse. Contact the librarian below if you have questions about this guide.

Citation Styles

Need help understanding MLA citation format? The links below will take you to helpful websites.

The 9th Edition of MLA Style was released in April 2021. According to the article "What's New in the Ninth Edition of the MLA Handbook (Spring 2021)" on the official MLA Style website, the ninth edition includes the following:

  • expanded, in-depth guidance on how to use the MLA template of core elements to create works-cited-list entries that shows what each core element is, where to find it, and how to style it
  • clarification that element names are not always literal and can apply to a range of situations (e.g., the Publisher element can refer to the publisher of a book or a sponsoring organization like the theater company that put on a play)
  • a new, easy-to-follow explanation of in-text citations
  • a new chapter containing recommendations for using inclusive language
  • a new appendix with hundreds of sample works-cited-list entries listed by publication format, including books, databases, websites, YouTube videos, interviews, and more
  • updated guidelines on avoiding plagiarism
  • a new chapter on formatting a research paper
  • new, expanded guidelines on spelling, punctuation, capitalization, and more
  • a new chapter on using notes in MLA style ("What's New," n.d.).

Click here to view the entire article.

Paraphrases and Quotes

Not sure what the difference is between paraphrasing, summarizing and quoting? 

Paraphrasing: "Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly." from Purdue Owl

Summarizing: A summary is "much shorter that the original source. If your aim is to summarize a long passage, look for the author's most important ideas." from The Curious Writer

Quoting: A quote contains the exact words from a source. Don't forget to use quotation marks and cite the source.

If you need further help, try these websites:

Academic Support and Tutoring

Academic Support and Tutoring (previously known as Center for Academic Excellence) can help you with class essays, research papers, academic writing, letter writing, and resumes. They also offer computer software tutorials and word processing help. When using the services of Academic Support and Tutoring, you will need to have your assignment and your student ID.

Location: Student Services Center, 1st Floor

Phone Number: 299-8500